Before you start a skincare program, it is important to identify the type of skin you have. Bear in mind that the condition of the skin changes week by week and month by month and can alter dramatically over the course of a lifetime, so be prepared to vary your routine to match your current complexion. For instance, the skin produces more sebum at certain times of the month, and this will affect the oiliness of the skin.
Test to determine your skin type
Before you wash your face in the morning, press a large open tissue against your face, holding it in place for a few moments. Now hold the tissue up to the light. If it is completely clean, your skin is dry and possibly sensitive. If there is a trace of sebum, your skin is normal. If there is a clear T-shaped imprint of sebum from the nose and forehead you have combination skin. A complete print of your face is a sign of oily skin.
Each person’s skin is individual but tends to fall into one of four main types; dry skin, oily skin, combination skin or sensitive skin, depending on the level of activity of the sebaceous glands. Your skin type will determine the texture of your skin and what kind of skin care routine you need.
Combination Skin Care
Most women have combination skin, which has areas of both dryness and oiliness. The greasy patches are usually down the centre of the face, forming a T shape, while the remainder of the skin on the face is drier, finer in texture, and in need of more moisturizing. If the difference between the two areas is great they should be treated with separate skin care products.
Sensitive Skin Care
Women who have sensitive skin find that it usually dry, delicate, and prone to broken capillaries and alergic reactions such as rashes. With sensitive skin, it is important to use products designed for this specific skin type; these products are laboratory tested to eliminate ingredientss that are known to cause allergies and are often termed hypoallergenic.
Dry and Mature Skin Care
Women who are fair complexioned and light haired usually have dry skin. Such skin has little natural oil due to underactive sebaceous glands, it burns easily in the sun, and is frequently also sensitive. Dry skin is usually very fine and has few visible pores; it often develops flaky patches in cold weather. It is frequently affected by temperature changes, artificial heating or air conditioning, and air pollution. Women with dry skin rarely have acne as a teenager, but as they get older the lack of natural lubrication can cause fine lines and wrinkles to develop prematurely. The most important aspect of caring for dry skin is to moisturize it regularly.
Personal Skin Care Plan
Cleanser for Oily Skin – Choose an oil-free soap or a water-soluble lotion. Cleanse at least twice a day.
Cleanser for Combination Skin – Choose a creamy lotion with a light oil agent or a soapless cleansing bar. Cleanse twice a day.
Cleanser for Dry and Mature Skin – Choose a creamy lotion or a soapless cleansing bar. Cleanse once or twice a day.